Acting in Three Sectors Could Put Indonesia on Track with Paris Agreement Goal

Guidehouse analyzed the country’s potential to decarbonize in line with 1.5˚C limit

Indonesia has tremendous potential to scale up its climate action to decarbonize its economy, according to a new analysis by the Climate Action Tracker (CAT). Together, Indonesia’s electricity supply, passenger transport and forestry sectors cover around 70% of its greenhouse gas emissions. The CAT analysis shows Indonesia could achieve a 20% reduction in emissions below 2010 by 2030, a stark contrast to the projected 5868% emissions increase under its Paris Agreement NDC targets.


Guidehouse led the analysis as part of the CAT partnership which also includes Climate Analytics and NewClimate Institute. 

“Climate change will bring multiple adverse effects for Indonesia, and without sufficient domestic mitigation and adaptation measures, there will also be more frequent forest and peat fires, which, besides emitting large amounts of greenhouse gases, are also an environmental and public health hazard,” said Thibaud Lemercier, managing consultant at Guidehouse.

To align with the Paris Agreement’s 1.5˚C goal, Indonesia needs to fully decarbonize its power sector by 2050, which would mean around 50% of renewable energy generation by 2030 and no new coal plants, phasing out coal by 2040. Such a pathway would deliver the greatest societal benefits, including new jobs and reduced air pollution.

Download the Indonesia analysis from

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